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Fast Facts
Item 1

Tooth Structure

  • ENAMEL is the outer white layer which is very hard and acts as a protective helmet.
  • DENTINE is the next layer and constitutes a major part of the tooth.
  • DENTAL PULP is located in the centre of the tooth and is composed of blood vessels, nerves, lymph vessels and connective tissue.
  • CEMENTUM is the outer layer which covers the root
Item 2

Dental Caries

Dental caries is a clinical name for tooth decay. It is a destructive process which causes decalcification of the tooth.

Item 3

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums mainly caused by plaque deposits. Gums become red, swollen, and bleed easily.

Item 4

Periodontitis

If gingivitis left untreated it progresses to Periodontitis. It is a severe and irreversible form of gum disease and may destroy the tissues that hold the tooth in the bone. As a result, teeth may become loose.